Infertility in Women: What Causes Infertility in Women and How to Prevent Infertility?
Infertility in Women, defined as the inability to become pregnant and carry the baby to term, is a frequent health problem. The diagnosis is made when a woman has tried to conceive for 12 months (via unprotected intercourse) without success. There are three main types of Causes of Infertility: those originating in men, women, or a mix of the two, while the other causes are either unknown or cannot be ruled out. Female infertility or "female factor infertility" refers to cases when the female spouse is determined to be the root cause of the inability to conceive.
You should see your physician about your menstrual cycles, any past pregnancies, any miscarriages, any pelvic pain, and any abnormal vaginal bleeding or discharge. In addition, you could be asked about any sexually transmitted diseases or pelvic infections that you have experienced in the past (STIs). It's possible that ovulation issues are to blame when you have periods that are erratic or even completely absent. It has been demonstrated that certain medicines, both orally administered and administered by injection, can successfully promote ovulation. By inhibiting the activity of the hormones' receptors, the oral contraceptives clomiphene citrate (Clomid, Serophene) and other comparable medications are able to lessen the response of the brain to estrogen. As a consequence of this, there is an increase in the release of hormones in the brain that promote ovulation.
Causes of Infertility
Infertility in Women can arise from a wide variety of factors. Some couples, however, have "unexplained" infertility or "multifactorial" infertility, when the specific Causes of Infertility cannot be determined. Among the many potential reasons of female infertility are:
- Issues with the Quality of Eggs Produced
The act of giving birth causes a woman's egg supply to "run out," and as a consequence, she may enter menopause at an earlier age. In addition, some eggs have an incorrect number of chromosomes, which renders them unsuitable for fertilization or growth into a healthy embryo or kid. This can be a contributing factor in Infertility in Women. It's possible that each egg has some sort of chromosomal abnormality (such as "balanced translocation")
- Issues Present In Cervix
The cervix, also known as the uterine neck or vaginal opening, is located at the vaginal apex. For sperm to fertilize an egg in the uterus or enter the fallopian tubes, they must first pass through the cervix. At ovulation, the cervical mucus is often thin and fluid so that sperm may easily travel through it. But in certain women, the fluid is thick, which might impede the sperm.
- Uncommon Issues with Uterus
Polyps, fibroids, adhesions, and the septum can all contribute to the contamination of the uterine cavity. Some birth abnormalities, such as a deviated septum, are visible immediately after delivery, while others, such as polyps and fibroids, can appear at any time in a person's life. Adhesions are a possibility following medical operations such as dilatation and curettage.
- Fallopian Tubes Causing Infertility in Women
As the egg travels through the fallopian tube, it is fertilized by the sperm. Eggs may not reach the sperm if the fallopian tube is damaged or scarred. Generally speaking, chlamydia and gonorrhea produce pelvic inflammatory illness, which is the leading cause of "tubal factor" infertility.
- PCOS Leading To Infertility
When an egg is released from the ovary, little cysts or blisters termed follicles form. One mature follicle usually results in the release of a single egg. Follicles don't mature properly in polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), leading to the development of benign cysts on the ovaries' periphery that often secrete hormones often associated with male genitalia.
- Problems Arising Due to Ovulation
Numerous glands and associated hormones work together to regulate the menstrual cycle. When an egg is mature enough to be fertilized, it is released from an ovary by hormones secreted by the pituitary gland, which is located close to the hypothalamus. Ovulation may be erratic or nonexistent if periods are unpredictable or nonexistent. All of a woman's eggs are present at birth, and their viability decreases with time. Additional challenges for women over a certain age include a higher chance of miscarriage and fetal genetic disorders.
CAN INFERTILITY BE PREVENTED?
Women who plan on having children in the future need to be extra careful with the kind of lifestyle they adopt. For most women, it’s impossible to find out if they’re infertile until they have tried to get pregnant. Until then, it becomes too late to use preventive methods. Thus, it’s important to adapt to healthier lifestyle changes from an earlier age.
Most of these methods include having a healthier meal intake and regulating your sleeping cycle.
- It’s important to avoid alcohol not just during pregnancy but way before when you start trying. Consistent heavy drinking has been linked to a decline in fertility. And drinking at all during pregnancy is dangerous for the baby's health. Stay away from alcohol if you're trying to get pregnant, and don't drink if you're already pregnant.
- If your weight is above average or if you’re underweight, there are higher chances that you face ovulation issues that can disrupt your fertility. In order to shed unwanted pounds, light to moderate activity is recommended. Over five hours of vigorous activity per week has been linked to a decline in ovulation.
- Eliminate stress from your life. It’s not the easiest job, but it’s important to be in a headspace that keeps you at peace and makes you hopeful.
There are several possible courses of action to take once a doctor has determined the root reason for Infertility in Women. Different treatments are used depending on the underlying reason for infertility. Surgery, for instance, can be used to correct structural defects, while hormone drugs can be used to correct other disorders. At RIMS trauma, there are a number of specialists in this department with years of experience.
Assisted reproductive technologies are getting more advanced, yet they still don't have a 100% success rate in producing a healthy pregnancy. Different factors affect the likelihood of success, including the woman's age, the method of technology utilized, and the underlying Causes of Infertility.