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How bariatric surgery helps with weight loss

Bariatric surgery, which includes procedures like gastric bypass, alters the digestive system to facilitate weight loss. Once exercise and healthy eating are unsuccessful or when weight-related health problems are severe, bariatric surgery may be an option. Although many people have found success with bariatric surgery, it is important to remember that any type of weight loss surgery is a major operation that carries with it the possibility of severe potential complications. Not all extremely obese people benefit from bariatric surgery. If you want to have surgery to lose weight, you may need first to meet some medical requirements. You will likely undergo a lengthy screening process to determine your eligibility. You also need to be committed to long-term lifestyle modifications in order to achieve your health goals. These days, laparoscopic procedures are the norm for bariatric surgery in Karachi. Among the many kinds of bariatric surgery available, gastric sleeve surgery is an option. The term “vertical sleeve gastrectomy” is more common among doctors.

 

SCREENING PROCESS AND CORRECT LIFESTYLE 

 

Not all extremely obese people benefit from bariatric surgery. If you want to have surgery to lose weight, you may first need to meet some medical requirements. You will likely undergo a lengthy screening process to determine your eligibility. You also need to be committed to long-term lifestyle modifications in order to achieve your health goals. Individuals with a body mass index (BMI) of 35 to 39.9 (obese) and a severe weight-related medical condition, including type 2 diabetes, hypertension, or serious sleep apnea, are candidates for bariatric surgery. If you have a body mass index of between 30 and 34 and severe health issues related to your weight, you may be eligible for weight-loss surgery.

 

THE OVERALL PROCEDURE 

 

General anesthesia, the kind that puts you to sleep so deeply that a ventilator takes over your breathing, is used for gastric sleeve surgery.

A small, tubular, camera-equipped instrument called a laparoscope During laparoscopic surgery, the laparoscope enters the abdomen through a few tiny cuts. Using the laparoscope, the surgeon can see inside the belly without making the big incisions that are customarily required to do so. The procedure involves surgically severing the stomach into two halves of unequal size. 

The procedure involves removing the outer, curved portion of the stomach, which accounts for about 80% of the total. Next, the remaining 20% is affixed or sutured together at the edges. In this way, the stomach is reduced to a banana shape and about 25% of its natural shape. Minor abdominal incisions tend to mend quickly. Recovery time is reduced compared to open abdominal surgery due to the non-invasive nature of the procedure.

 

SURGERY’S EFFECTIVENESS 

 

There are two ways in which one can lose weight through bariatric surgery. One is that, with the smaller size of the stomach, the patient gets full early and that lowers the number of calories that he/she takes. You aren’t as hungry because your stomach’s ability to produce ghrelin, the hunger hormone, has been disabled. After 18–24 months, most people who undergo gastric sleeve surgery have lost at least half of their excess weight. In some cases, the decline can be as high as 70%. The specific details of your procedure will be determined by a number of factors, including your medical history, the nature of the weight loss surgery you choose, and the policies of the facility where you choose to have it performed. Traditional large or open incisions in the abdomen are used for some types of weight-loss surgeries. Some bariatric procedures are designed to reduce calorie intake as well. If you think you might be eligible, talk to your doctor about which treatment plan is most likely to yield the desired results. Several varieties of bariatric surgery in Karachi are currently in use. The most common operations are gastric bypass and sleeve gastrectomy.

 

Various other health benefits

 

One study found that bariatric surgery can put type 2 diabetes into long-term remission. The study’s findings suggest the procedure is very beneficial for patients who are both overweight and have type 2 diabetes, allowing nearly all of them to stop using insulin and other medicines. Moreover, in patients who undergo bariatric surgery, the risks of cardiovascular disease, stroke, and peripheral vascular disease all decrease. Additionally, one study found that the weight loss from the operation reduced the risk of death from cardiovascular diseases like stroke and hypertension. Other than physical effects, these kinds of surgeries also help with emotional health. They can be considered to help with body image. People of all ages who are significantly overweight face barriers to engaging in a variety of activities that would otherwise help them feel happier and more connected to others. Achieving a healthy weight can have a positive effect on these patients’ mental health. 

 

DIETARY ADJUSTMENTS

People who have undergone the procedure need to eat extremely slowly and in very little bites because of their new, reduced stomach sizes. Patients are also counseled by a dietitian following surgery and encouraged to take vitamins and supplements. After surgery, a nutritionist may advise you to follow a particular diet. If you’re interested in learning more about bariatric surgery in Karachi and the many health benefits it can bring, including weight loss, chat to your doctor. Keep the emphasis on lean protein and vegetables, introducing one food at a time so that you can monitor your body’s reaction. Focus on eating lean proteins and veggies and gradually adding new foods to see how your body reacts. Sugar-laden sweets and soda are two examples of foods you should cut back on or eliminate from your diet altogether. Except for the ones that cause symptoms, you can start eating normally again. 

 

IN CONCLUSION 

There are many ways that can help people lose weight through bariatric surgery. More than that, there are many other benefits of going through bariatric surgeries to help you get a healthier lifestyle: they help you immensely in avoiding life threatening diseases as well. During the healing period after gastric sleeve surgery, it is essential to stick to the diet your doctor prescribes. The items you can eat are meant to aid in your body’s healing process while also setting you up for a lifetime of healthy eating habits. Physical activity is also crucial.

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