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The hernia is the most common medical condition in children. Pediatric hernias refer to the condition in which the internal parts of the body strain against the abdominal wall. As a result, the weak abdominal wall muscles or fascia give way to the bulging of a lump due to the strain. Often, the inguinal ring fails to close properly in some children allowing the abdominal contents to come into the groin area. Therefore, hernias are more common in children born prematurely. In boys, this abdominal content is mostly a portion of the bowel. At the same time, it may be the ovaries or bowel in females. There are many types of pediatric hernia, in this article we will hanve an overview.

Consequently, hernias appear as a bulge in the area between the chest and hips, depending upon their type. According to the research studies, hernias occur in premature babies with an incidence rate of 2% in females and 7-30% in males. Notably, the most prevailing type of hernias is the inguinal hernia, and umbilical hernia.

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